Austria Vs Germany: Which Country is better to move to? You are planning to move in a German-speaking Europe? There are European countries where German language is spoken. But Germany and Austria are two countries where German language is widely spoken? Here’s is guide for you to choose between Germany and Austria.
Both Austria and Germany are German-speaking countries with similar cultures and a high standard of living.
But in many ways, the similarities stop there and life in Austria can be very different to Germany (and vice versa) – depending on which part of the country you live in.
So which of these two Central European countries are better to move to? Let’s find out.
Visas in both Countries
For people from non-EU countries that want to move to either Austria or Germany, a visa is required.
In Austria, there are three types of work permit to apply for: restricted (for one year), standard (two years) and unrestricted (for five years). What you can get will depend on your situation.
There are also student and graduate visas, as well as a start-up founder route, which requires a 50,000 Euros investment in a company.
Another investment-style visa in Austria is known as the Self-Employed Key Worker permit and involves investing 100,000 Euros into the Austrian economy, as well as the creation of new jobs or technologies.
Continue Reading: What are Work Visas in Austria for Non-EU?
In Germany, there are several visa routes including a job seeker permit for recent graduates of a recognised university, study permit, work visa, au pair visa, internship visa or a self-employment/freelance permit.
Like in Austria, there is also an investment route in Germany for people that want to set up a business in the country. There is no official minimum amount of investment but there is a recommendation that it should be at least 360,000 Euros.
Continue Reading: How to get Job seeker Visa of Germany?
In Germany, there is also the ability to apply for dual citizenship. The law currently allows EU citizens to take German citizenship without relinquishing their country of origin, but the government has pledged to overhaul the rules to allow all eligible foreigners to apply for dual citizenship in Germany.
Continue Reading: What are the Average Salaries in Germany?
In Austria, dual citizenship is only allowed in very few cases, so Germany comes out on top in this round.
The Cost of living
Both Austria and Germany are known for having a high cost of living.
However, Germany is significantly cheaper for some everyday items like bread and domestic beer. Germany is also cheaper than Austria when it comes to eating at restaurants, but is much more expensive for items like rent and petrol.
Here is a breakdown of some of the average living costs in both countries.
Rent (one-bedroom apartment, city centre): 886 Euros
Loaf of bread: 1.63 Euros
Domestic beer: 0.57 Euros
Utilities (monthly): 234 Euros
Petrol (1 litre): 2.20 Euros
Meal for two at mid-range restaurant: 50 Euros
Rent (one-bedroom apartment, city centre): 723 Euros
Loaf of bread: 1.94 Euros
Domestic beer: 1.07 Euors
Utilities (monthly): 217 Euros
Petrol (1 litre): 1.71 Euros
Meal for two at mid-range restaurant: 55 Euros
Please be aware that these average costs can increase in larger cities or popular tourist destinations, or decrease in more rural areas and smaller towns.
Lifestyle & Culture
Life in Austria is very much influenced by the concept of Gemutlichkeit. In English, it means “comfort” or “cosy”, but in the context of Austrian culture it means “enjoying life”.
The benefits of this aspect of Austrian culture is that there is a healthy work/life balance in the country and people make an effort to spend time with friends and family. The downside is that there is sometimes a lack of urgency, especially with bureaucracy or official matters.
Austria is also a Catholic country, which is evident in some laws and customs, such as Sunday trading laws (most businesses are closed on Sundays) and a Church Tax.
But then there are other elements, like Vienna’s famous coffee house scene and the outdoors lifestyle that can be enjoyed in the mountains. The result is a culture that is rooted in tradition while also looking on the bright side of life.
Germany, by comparison, is a much bigger country with a more diverse culture, especially between regions like traditional Bavaria (which has a similar culture to Austria) and Berlin, which is home to a modern international population and a party-loving crowd.
The differences in Germany can be pronounced. While it may be hard to communicate with someone in English in smaller towns of the former east of the country, ordering in German in some parts of Berlin will be met with a blank stare and a request to speak English.
However, there are a few aspects of German culture that apply across the country. For example, people are generally punctual and hardworking, and they like to take care of each other and have fun.
There are a couple of false stereotypes about German culture too – most notably that the people are cold. The reality is that most Germans are friendly and welcoming, even if there is a tendency to be honest which can at first be difficult to get used to.
When it comes to whether Austrian or German culture is better, it depends on what you’re looking for. If you want big cities and more professional opportunities, go to Germany. If you want a smaller country with interesting traditions, then Austria is the place to be.
Taxes in both Countries
The tax systems in both Austria and Germany are complicated, so it will of course depend on your individual circumstances as to where you’d pay less tax.
Income Taxe Rate in Austria in 2022
0 percent for up to 11,000 Euros in earnings.
20 percent for 11,000 to 18,000 Euros.
32.5 percent for 18,000 to 31,000 Euros.
42 percent for 31,000 to 60,000 Euros.
48 percent for 60,000 to 90,000 Euros.
50 percent for 90,000 to 1,000,000 Euros.
55 percent for earnings above 1,000,000 Euros.
Income Taxe Rate in Germany in 2022
0 percent for earnings up to 9,984 Euros.
14 to 42 percent for 9,985 to 58,596 Euros.
42 percent for 58,597–277,825 Euros.
45 percent for 277,826 Euros and above.
As you can see, it’s likely you will end up paying more income tax in Austria than in Germany – especially in the higher earnings brackets.
Then there are mandatory social security payments to consider, which cover healthcare, pension and unemployment insurance.
In Austria, both the employer and the employee are required to pay social insurance contributions. The amount will depend on income up to a ceiling amount of 62,640 Euros per year or 5,220 Euros per month.
In Germany, there is a similar system (both employer and employee pay) and the average total social insurance contribution for employees is around 20 to 22 percent of your annual salary.
In the case of self-employment, individuals in both Austria and Germany make payments directly to the social insurance provider.
How much you ultimately pay in taxes and social insurance will depend on how much you earn. In Austria you can expect to pay out around 30 percent of your gross earnings, while in Germany the amount is usually slightly higher, i.e. 36-38 percent.
Nature & landscapes
Germany might have the Bavarian Alps with the Zugspitze rising to 2,962 feet above sea level, but that’s nothing compared to Austria’s Grossglockner mountain which is 3,798 metres above sea level.
But Germany does have a coastline along its northern borders – something that land-locked Austria can’t compete with.
Germany’s coast is split between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea and stretches for over 3,700 km – including islands and bays. Just don’t expect Mediterranean vibes in northern Germany.
While temperatures can be warm in the spring and summer months, both the Baltic Sea and North Sea are cold waters. This doesn’t stop German holidaymakers though who flock to the white sand beaches and pretty islands along the country’s northern coastline every summer.
So if you would like to live in a country with the possibility of one day living by the sea (without having to relocate elsewhere), then Germany is the place to go. On the other hand, if the mountains are calling, then head to Austria where you can spend your days exploring the Alps.
Hope it Helps!