Learn German A1 Possessive Pronouns & Adverbs Lesson 10

Learn German A1 Possessive Adjectives & Adverbs Lesson 10

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Learn German A1 Possessive Adjectives & Adverbs Lesson 10. By the time you’re done reading this article, you’ll own German possessive adjectives ” sein” & ”ihr”! And all of this gets you one step closer to being a better German speaker and becoming fluent. Meanwhile, You will also learn German Adverbs and Adjectives in this lesson.

While, German possessive adjectives ” mein” & ”dein” are explained in detail in Learn German A1 Lesson 9.

Knowing what possessive adjectives are and how to use them is just one way to play by German grammar rules. While It is very important to use the relevant possessive adjective. For example, if you were to describe a masculine object but used the feminine possessive adjective to replace it, you could create lots of confusion.

Fertig? Los! (Ready? Go!)

Difference b/w Possessive Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives – like other adjectives – are used to describe a noun in a sentence. Most importantly – they describe who something belongs to.

Some common possessive adjectives that you will see include, “my”, “your”, “his”, “her” and “our”.

Possessive pronouns can look very similar at first glance to adjectives – but they have a different meaning, and are used in a different way! While they also show ownership, they can be used in place of a noun, to avoid repeating it in a sentence.

Some common possessive pronouns that you might come across include, “mine”, “yours” “his”, “hers”, and “ours”.

Introduction to ” sein ”

der Bruder = masculine noun => sein Bruder

sein Bruder: his brother

Sein Bruder arbeitet in Berlin. (His brother works in Berlin.)

Das sind Usman und sein Bruder. (This is Usman and his brother.)

die Schwester = feminine noun => seine Schwester

seine Schwester: his sister

Seine Schwester arbeitet in München. (His sister works in Munich.)

Ali und seine Schwester kommen aus Pakistan. (Ali and his sister come from Pakistan.)

die Mutter = feminine noun => seine Mutter

seine Mutter: his mother

Mari und seine Mutter leben in Berlin. (Mari and his mother live in Berlin.)

Sein/Seine” means “his“.

Gender of the nounExample
masculineDas sind Ali und sein Bruder Usman. (This is Ali and his brother Usman.)
feminineDas sind Ali und seine Schwester Maria. (This is Ali and his sister Maria.)
neuterDas sind Ali und sein Kind. (This is Ali and his child.)
Possessive Adjectives: ”sein” & ”seine”

Introduction to ” ihr”

der Vater = masculine noun => ihr Vater

ihr Vater: her father

Ihr Vater arbeitet in Stockholm. (Her father works in Stockholm.)

der Bruder = masculine noun = ihr Bruder

Wo arbeitet ihr Bruder? (Where does your brother work?)

die Mutter = feminine noun => ihre Mutter

ihre Mutter: her mother

Ihre Mutter kommt aus der Türkei. (Her mother comes from Turkey.)

Maria wohnt in Berlin. Ihr Vater und ihre Mutter kommen aus Pakistan. (Maria lives in Berlin. Her father and her mother come from Pakistan.)

Ihr/Ihre” means “her”.

Gender of the nounExample
masculineDas sind Mari und ihr Vater. (This is Mari and her father.)
feminineDas sind Mari und ihre Mutter. (This is Mari and her mother.)
neuterDas sind Mari und ihr Kind. (This is Mari and her child.)
Possessive Adjectives: ”Ihre/Ihre”

Describe Personalities in German

Germans can be energetic, humorous, motivated, artistic, friendly and cheerful. Therefore, there are some basic German words used to describe a German person.

1): sportlich: sporty

Dein Bruder ist sportlich. (Your brother is sporty.)

unsportlich: not sporty ; This word can be broken down into: un + sport + lich.

un” can negate some descriptive words: “sportlich” => sporty; “unsportlich” => not sporty

Ich bin unsportlich. Sport ist Mord! (I am not sporty. I hate sports!)

Bist du sportlich oder unsportlich? (Are you sporty or not?)

2): sympathisch: likeable

While, “sympathisch” has a silent “h”.

Mein Lehrer ist sympathisch. (My teacher is likeable.)

Meine Oma und mein Opa sind sehr sympathisch. (My grandma and my grandpa are very likeable.)

unsympathisch: unlikeable

Mari ist sympathisch, aber ihr Bruder ist unsympathisch. (Mari is likeable but her brother is unlikeable.)

We can make some words negative by adding “un-” to them, e.g. sportlich and sympathisch.

3): emotional: emotional

Ich bin so müde! Ich bin auch emotional. (I’m so tired! I’m also emotional.)

4): ruhig: calm

Ali ist ruhig. (Ali is calm.) The ending “-ig” as in “ruhig” is quite common in words describing people, so watch out for more words like this! While, In standard German, “-ig” as in ruhig is pronounced like -ich.

For example:

Meine Schwester ist lustig. (My sister is funny.)

Mein Vater ist wichtig. (My father is important.)

5): nervig: irritating

Meine Schwester ist nervig! (My sister is irritating!) ; The “v” in “nervig” (irritating) is pronounced like an “f“.

Meine Cousine ist ein bisschen nervig. (My cousin is a bit irritating.)

6): arrogant: arrogant

Meine Schwester ist ein bisschen arrogant. (My sister is a bit arrogant.)

7): langweilig: boring

Mein Vater ist ein bisschen langweilig. (My father is a bit boring.)

8): freundlich: friendly

Mein Großvater ist relativ freundlich. (My grandfather is relatively friendly.)

Learn German A1: describe a city & pronunciation Lesson 8

Using Adverbs in German

Intensifiers are adverbs that strengthen the meaning of other expressions and show emphasis. Words that we use in this lesson are as follows:

Ein bisschen => relativ => sehr => extrem: (a little, relatively, very, extremely)

While, the order of the words is from least to most intense, such as:

ein bisschen” (least intense) => “relativ“=> “sehr” => “extrem” (most intense).

The Sentence structure is as follows, when we use intensifiers or adverbs:

➡️ Subject (Mein Cousin) – verb (ist) – intensifier (sehr) – adjective (nervig)

1): ein bisschen: a little

bisschen consists of: der “Biss” (the bite) + -chen (ending denoting smallness)

Mein Vater ist ein bisschen unsympathisch. (My father is a little unlikeable.)

Meine Cousine ist ein bisschen blöd! (My cousin is a bit stupid.)

Mein Onkel ist ein bisschen langweilig. (My uncle is a bit boring.)

2): relativ: relatively

The “v” in “relativ” (relative) is pronounced like an “f“.

Meine Tante ist relativ arrogant. (My aunt is relatively arrogant.)

Meine Großeltern sind relativ nett. (My grandparents are relatively nice.)

Mein Onkel ist relativ sympathisch. (My uncle is relatively likeble.)

Mein Bruder ist relativ sympathisch, aber ein bisschen langweilig. (My brother is relatively likeble but a bit boring.)

3): sehr: very

Mein Bruder ist sehr sympathisch. (My brother is very likeable.)

It is possible to say “super” instead of “sehr”, but it’s informal.

Meine Tochter ist sehr freundlich. (My daughter is very friendly.)

Mein Cousin ist sehr nervig. (My cousin is very irritating.)

4): extrem: extremely

Ali und sein Bruder sind extrem emotional! (Ali and his brother are extremely emotional!)

5): Extrem vs Sehr:

Meine Schwester ist extrem lustig und sehr nett. (My sister is extremely funny and very nice.)

Extrem” is used frequently in spoken German (it’s great for adding extra detail). It is one level higher than “sehr” (very).

Mari ist extrem nervig!
(Mari is extremely irritating.)
Mari ist sehr nervig.
(Mari is very irritating.)

Learn German A1: hunger & thurst & useful questions Lesson 7

Hope It Helps! Weiter so! (Keep it up!)

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